외국인 교수의 Free Talking

기사승인 2012.05.29  21:00:40


- A quick history of what we call electronic house music

Electronic dance music (EDM) first originated in 1960s Jamaica. Artists would overlay multiple tracks (normally instrumentals of existing tracks) on reel-to-reel tape players, which were commonplace at the time, to create their own unique tracks. They’d hook the reel-to-reel tape player up to an amp, along with an MC, and then throw large parties. This genre of music is now referred to as Dub Music.

House Music came from Chicago, when a young DJ by the name of Frankie Knuckles moved from New York City to Chicago in the late 70s to take a DJ residency at a new club called The Warehouse. By the early 80s, Frankie’s way of playing at The Warehouse?taking old school disco record vocals and playing them on top of programmed drum machines?proved to be a major hit in the city. Soon, artists like Jesse Saunders, Marshall Jefferson, started making their own House records, greatly influenced by Disco, and DJs like Frankie started playing them in clubs throughout Chicago. House” is said by some people to come from the shortened name for “The Warehouse”.

Eventually, House Music crossed over to Europe, and became especially popular in the UK, where a new form of House?Acid House?was invented, later to be followed by something called“Garage“,which was similar to House in its beats and rhythms. At the same time, Detroit’s Tech no had crossed over, In January 1987, Chicago artist Steve 'Silk' Hurley's "Jack Your Body" reached number one in the UK, showing it was possible for house music to jump into main stream music. and the rest of Europe was starting to mess around with Trance as well. For these reasons, electronic music sort of blew up way more (there) than it did in the U.S., which exists to this day.

Eventually, the European influences, like Italo-Disco, Balearic, and other, newer styles of House Music, crossed back into the U.S., and the 90s saw a huge explosion in House’s popularity worldwide. House records, and House remixes of non-House records, could be heard on the radio and seen on MTV (like Armand Van Helden‘s remix of Tori Amos’s “Professional Widow”, and Madonna’s House-influenced “Vogue“).

New York City and Chicago both saw a ton of new artists, singers, and releases, with classic labels like Defected, Trax Records, Strictly Rhythm, and a ton more sprouting throughout the globe as a result. Eventually, at least in the U.S., the music got deeper and more underground, though I’m not sure why (this post-90s era is hazy to me, and I’m still studying it). I do know that towards the start of the 2000s, a newer, edgier sound was emerging, mixing funky elements with much more heavily synthesized instrumentation. One of these branches of House came to be called French House, and the production DJ duo “Daft Punk” eventually saw worldwide super-success in dance music.


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